22 Dec Ankle Pain & Podiatry
Tradies have among the highest number of injuries, musculoskeletal conditions and other health and safety risks of any profession. With every step, the shock is absorbed by the feet, knees, hips and spine to decrease the force of impact. Wearing the correct footwear will reduce these forces further whilst not affecting the normal function of the foot. Wearing the right footwear for the job protects you from stress-related injury to the ankles, knees, hips and spine.
Types of Sprains
The most common type of sprain is a Lateral Ankle Sprain/inversion sprain (or lateral ligament sprain) where the foot turns inwards, damaging the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. A sprain where the ankle turns inwards (A Medial Ankle Sprain) is much rarer often taking significant forces to do so. This sprain damages the ligaments on the inside of the ankle. In addition to ligament damage there may also be damage to tendons, bone and other joint tissues, which is why it is important to get a professional to diagnose your ankle sprain. If possible an X-ray should be used, as small fractures or (avulsion fracture) are not uncommon.
Grades of Ankle Sprains
Sprained ankles, as with all ligaments sprains, are divided into grades 1-3, depending on their severity:
- Grade 1 sprain
- Grade 2 sprain
- Grade 3 sprain
Treatment of Ankle Sprains
As soon as possible, and for 72 hours after injury, use the RICE method:
Rest: Take it easy and only move within your limit of pain.
Ice: As soon as possible, and for 20 minutes every two hours, apply ice or a frozen gel pack wrapped in a damp towel. This helps to control bleeding and pain whilst reducing secondary tissue damage.
Compression: Firmly bandage the entire ankle and lower shin. This helps to control swelling.
Elevation: As much as possible, elevate your ankle higher than the level of your heart to reduce swelling.
Following the initial painful stage, there are other treatments that can help the ankle return to normal as soon as possible. Range of motion exercises such as ankle circles can help to get the ankle moving again, as well as reducing swelling if performed with the leg elevated. The calf muscles often tighten up to protect the joint following a sprained ankle, and so gently stretching the calf muscles can also help to maintain movement at the joint. A wobble board/balance board is an important part of the rehabilitation of ankle sprains.
There are many different causes of ankle pain and the quickest way to heal an ankle injury is to get a proper diagnosis. The treatment for one injury is can be quite different to another. This is mostly due to the complexity of the ankle and as such the right advice can make all difference.
Outdoor Gym Workout
Mother Nature provides lots of handy gym equipment without the hefty joining fee or year-long contract. Trees, open spaces, and branches can all act as an excellent natural keep-fit kit. Try doing push-ups against the trunk of a sturdy tree or tricep dips on a tree stump. Also, look out for free adult playgrounds – those things with brightly coloured pull-up bars, treadmills, and hand bikes too big for kids.
Stretch of the Month
Standing Lunge Stretch
- Stand in a split stance with your right front forward and your left foot straight back.
- Bend your right knee so that it is at about a 90-degree angle.
- Place your hands on your forward knee. Keep your shoulders relaxed, your hips even, your chest open, and look straight.
- Press down with your hands and drive the hips forward until you feel a stretch from the front of your hip, groin, and thigh on your left side.
- Hold the stretch for about 20 to 30 seconds.
- Release and repeat on the other leg.
If you are struggling with Ankle pain please respond to this email with ‘Please Help!’ and we will be in touch. Alternatively, you can visit our website or call 02 4702 0221 to make an appointment.